List of Sites
Wiremesh topographic image of Carrownalugan Ráth,
vertical exaggeration x 2 (Landscape & Geophysical Services)
Ráths in their simplest form may be described as space most frequently circular, surrounded by a bank and fosse. The purpose of these monuments is clouded by ancient repairs and later agricultural damage but it is clear that they were not designed solely for military reasons but in most cases as a form of protected farmstead (Ó'Ríordáin, 1987). Indeed, they were more likely to have been built to repel the lightning cattle raids which were endemic in the Early Christian period in Ireland (Lucas, 1989).
Carrownalurgan is a classic univallate ráth located on a drumlin with commanding views of the surrounding landscape. Its broad enclosing bank of earth and stone varies from 5m to 7.3m wide at the base. The construction of the bank has created a ditch referred to as a fosse which can be seen in most sectors. Measuring 4m wide and 0.4m deep the extent of the fosse would indicate that the construction of this ráth was a labour-intensive activity, perhaps informing us as to the status of the occupants. The name Carrownalurgan translates from Gaelic as the quarter of the elongated hill or ridge (Morahan, 2001).
Clew Bay Heritage Trail
- Morahan, L. 2001 Croagh Patrick, Co. Mayo archaeology, landscape and people, Croagh Patrick Archaeological Committee, Mayo.
- Lucas, A. 1989 Cattle in ancient Ireland, as found in Stout, M. 2000 The Irish Ringfort, Four Courts Press, Dublin, p. 20
- Ó'Ríordáin, S.P. 1987 Antiquities of the Irish Countryside, Fifth Edition, Methuen, London and New York, pp 29-31
Mayo Sites and Artefacts
1. Mayo Abbey
Mayo - Vestvågøy - Mid-Argyll
This project has been supported by the EU as part of the Culture 2000 programme.