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Mayo - 20
Cushalogurt

Site/Artefact
Cushalogurt

Type
Viking Hoard

Site Number
N/A

National Grid Reference
097000 East
289850 North

Map ( 1:50000)
Ordnance Survey Ireland, Discovery Series, 31

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Description
The earliest recorded attacks on the coastline of Ireland took place in 795 AD when Inishbofin was raided by Vikings (Bradley, 1995). In 812 AD the Annals of the Four Masters records the slaughter of a Viking raiding party by the local tribe of the Umhall in Clew Bay. The following year the annals tell us that the Vikings reaped a bloody revenge on the men of the Umhall, killing the local king, Coscrach. These early invasions were hit and run affairs but by 841 AD, the Vikings had established more lasting settlement. On the eastern shores of Clew Bay at Cushalogurt a Viking silver hoard was discovered. It included 25 armrings and fragments, 2 ingots, 1 fragment and 1 gold ingot (Sheehan, 1998). Perhaps they represent trade between the locals and the immigrants (Corlett, 2000). The Vikings had taught the Irish the elements of naval architecture and indeed the necessity of trade and markets (Harbison et al, 1978). Of special interest to the Vikings was the exploitation of non-agrarian resources and prized among these was soapstone, a resource that is found on the Island of Inishbofin. Placenames can indicate Viking association and indeed the name 'Cushalogurt' where the silver hoard was found may be a derivative of longphort, a Viking defended ship encampment (Gibbons & Kelly, 2003, Kelly, 1998)

Excavation Details
Not Available

Access/Ownership
National Museum of Ireland

References

Check out the following sections of the website for related information:

Mayo Sites and Artefacts

1. Mayo Abbey
2. Balla
3. Ballintubber Abbey
4. Tóchar Phadraig
5. Aghagower
6. Lankhill
7. Boheh
8. Croagh Patrick Summit
9. Carrownalurgan
10. Ardoley
11. Kiladangan
12. Glaspatrick
13. Shrawee
14. Clare Island - Strake
15. Clare Island - Lecarrow
16. Caher Island
17. Durless

18. Carrowmore
19. Knappaghmanagh
20. Cushalogurt
21. Carrowkeel Ecclesiastical Remains
22. Thornhill
23. Carrowkeel Murrisk
24. Carrowkeel Cahernaran
25. Carrowmacloughlin Cairn-1
26. Carrowmacloughlin Cairn-2
27. Carrowmacloughlin Cairn-3
28. Carrowmacloughlin/ Glencally/ Teevenacroaghy
29. Carrowmacloughlin Sweathouses
30. Glaspatrick Holy Well

31. Glaspatrick Rath-1
32. Glaspatrick Early Ecclesiastical Remains
33. Glaspatrick Ringfort
34. Glaspatrick Rath-2
35. Glaspatrick Ecclesiatical Remains
36. Glaspatrick Altar
38. Glaspatrick Graveyard
39. Murrisk Demesne Standing Stone-1
40. Murrisk Demesne Standing Stone-2
41. Murrisk Demesne Standing Stone-3
42. Teevenacroaghy

 

Mayo - Vestvågøy - Mid-Argyll

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